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Concussion

A concussion is caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head. Concussions can also occur from a fall or blow to the body that causes the head to move rapidly back and forth. Even what seems to be a mild bump to the head can be serious. Be alert for any of the following signs and symptoms.


SIGNS OBSERVED BY SCHOOL PROFESSIONALS

* appears dazed or stunned

* is confused about events

* answers questions slowly

* repeats questions

* can't recall events prior to hit, bump, or fall

* can't recall events after hit, bump, or fall

* loses consciousness (even briefly)

* shows behavior or personality changes

* forgets class schedule or assignments


SYMPTOMS REPORTED BY THE STUDENT

THINKING/REMEMBERING PHYSICAL EMOTIONAL SLEEP
* difficulty thinking clearly
* difficulty concentrating or remembering
* feeling more slowed down
* feeling sluggish, hazy, foggy, or groggy
* headache or "pressure" in head
* nausea or vomiting
* balance problems or dizziness
* fatigue or feeling tired
* blurry or double vision
* sensitivity to light or noise
* numbness or tingling
* does not "feel right"
 * irritable
* sad
* more emotional than usual
* nervous
 * drowsy
* sleeps less than usual
* sleeps more than usual
* has trouble falling asleep


JJIF Management of Concussions and Other Head Injuries
<insert pdf>